By Robert F. Boszhardt
On hand December 2003 the commonest relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local american citizens fixed to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this beneficial consultant offers a key to deciding on a number of the forms of issues came across alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless zone stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to crimson Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside a a bit greater quarter extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the sleek Moline-Rock Island quarter to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of millions of miles and vacationing deepest creditors from all walks of existence given that 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented hundreds of thousands of projectile issues present in this area. as well as drawings of every sort, he presents different authorised names in addition to names of comparable issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every style. The consultant is intended for the numerous avocational archaeologists who gather projectile issues within the top Midwest and should be an invaluable reference software for pro box archaeologists in addition. Emphasizing the upkeep of web sites in addition to a mutual trade of data among specialist and avocational archaeologists, this consultant will demonstrate projectile issues as clues to the previous, time markers which include an important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.
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Additional resources for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)
A few Agate Basin points made from exotic ﬂint have also been reported for this region. For example, Hill reports the base of an obsidian specimen from Silver Mound, and Knife River ﬂint specimens are also known from the Upper Mississippi Valley. In addition, a few examples made from jasper taconite and Silurian II chert from Lake Superior and Green Bay, respectively, are known to come from this region. references: Boszhardt 1991; Carr 2001; Chapman 1975; Dudzik 1991; Fishel 1988; Florin 1996; Frison 1991; Frison and Staﬀord 1982; Halsey 1974a; Hill 1994; Hofman and Graham 2000; Justice 1987; Morrow 1984; Perino 1968; Roberts 1943; Wormington 1957.
Material: Boszhardt 1998a, 1991; Deller and Ellis 1984; Ellis and Deller 1986; Florin 1996; Mason 1962, 1997; Palmer and Stoltman 1976; Roosa and Deller 1982; Simons et al. 1984; Stoltman 1991; Wright and Roosa 1966. references: 18 | e a r ly pa l e o f l u t e d s p e a r p o i n t s Late Paleo Lanceolate Points Plainview 1 cm 3 Plainview points are named for a series of at least twenty-eight unﬂuted concavebase lanceolate spear tips found with Bison antiquus remains along Running Water Draw near the town of Plainview, in northern Texas.
Material: Hardin Barbed points found in the Upper Mississippi Valley are often made from Galena or Burlington chert. references : Behm 1985; Bell 1960; Chapman 1975; Justice 1987; Morrow 1984; Scully 1951. 38 | e a r ly a r c h a i c s t e m m e d a n d c o r n e r - n o t c h e d p o i n t s Thebes 1 cm 3 This point type was ﬁrst recognized as a result of survey work done in the Cache and Wabash valleys of Illinois. other possible names or related points: Key-Notched Point, Bristol Diagonal- Notched, Cache Diagonal-Notched.