By A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham

Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.

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For the Spaniards their new subjects were vassals of their own European emperor and submitted themselves to his supreme authority. Alexander, however, was taking over an empire and replacing the Great King. 84 There was no inherent contradiction. For Alexander’s guest friend, Demaratus of Corinth, the greatest punish81 Plut. Alex. 43. 7; Curt. 6. 2. 11; cf. Bosworth 1980b: 6, 12–13. Arr. 7. 6. 4–5. If 7. 29. 4 is taken literally, there were also admissions of Persian nobles into the infantry guard (agema).

1; all sources to some extent stress the hardships; for Strabo (15. 2. 5 (721–2) ) ‘Alexander was in great distress throughout the whole journey’. 36 Brian Bosworth aspect of the affair was its demonstration of the lengths to which he would go to rival the great exploits of history and mythology. If he had traversed Gedrosia in order to outdo Semiramis and Cyrus, would he not follow Heracles to the Straits of Gibraltar? The limits of his ambition were boundless, as were the sacrifices he demanded to reach them, and it was only a matter of time before disaster struck.

Alexander received very similar information when he was approached by Pharasmanes, the ambitious ruler of Chorasmia, just south of the Aral Sea. 64 The political aims are transparent in both cases: Pharasmanes wished to harness the curiosity 61 Pagden 1986: 446, 526 n. 118. It has been estimated that in the period between 1564 and 1574 more Spaniards died at the hands of the Chichimecas than had fallen in the original Mexican conquest (Powell 1944: 580 n. 1). Alexander’s plans to ‘civilise’ the Cossaeans were equally abortive.

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