By Javier Esparza, Pierre Fraigniaud, Thore Husfeldt, Elias Koutsoupias

This two-volume set of LNCS 8572 and LNCS 8573 constitutes the refereed complaints of the forty first foreign Colloquium on Automata, Languages and Programming, ICALP 2014, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in July 2014. the complete of 136 revised complete papers provided including four invited talks have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from 484 submissions. The papers are equipped in 3 tracks focussing on Algorithms, Complexity, and video games, common sense, Semantics, Automata, and thought of Programming, Foundations of Networked Computation.

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Extra info for Automata, Languages, and Programming: 41st International Colloquium, ICALP 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 8-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part I

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Olga Ohrimenko, Michael T. Goodrich, Roberto Tamassia, and Eli Upfal 508 520 532 544 556 Sending Secrets Swiftly: Approximation Algorithms for Generalized Multicast Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Afshin Nikzad and R. Ravi 568 Bypassing Erd˝os’ Girth Conjecture: Hybrid Stretch and Sourcewise Spanners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Merav Parter 608 Author Index . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1, is defined as follows. Each vertex of Ch(Δn ) is a pair (s, φ), where phi is a face of Δ, and s a vertex of φ. A set of vertexes of Ch(Δ) define a simplex if for each pair (s, φ) and (s◦ , φ◦ ), name(s) and name(s◦ ) are distinct, and either φ ⊆ φ◦ , or φ◦ ⊆ φ. As s ranges over the vertexes of Δn , the vertexes (s, Δn ) define the central simplex of Ch(Δn ). The canonical orientation of Ch(Δn ) is defined by assigning a +1 orientation to the simplex {⇐s0 , {s0 }⇒, ⇐s1 , {s0 , s1 }⇒, . . ⇐sn , {s0 , .

By successfully solving a synthesis problem, the system establishes the truth of an existentially quantified statement. Therefore, such synthesis capability can be used to prove quantified statements. Here we do not mean to imply that constructive interpretation of quantifiers is the only one possible, nor that it should be built into the semantics. We merely observe that synthesis is an interesting method for proving existential statements containing, for example recursive functions. It is interesting to note that the authors of classical deductive synthesis [54,55] concluded that better inductive theorem proving is needed to enable synthesis of recursive programs.

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