By Mauro Agnoletti, Francesca Emanueli

The ebook collects a variety of the papers awarded on the assembly held within the context of the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural variety (JP-BiCuD). spotting the inextricable hyperlink among organic and cultural range, the United international locations academic medical and Cultural association (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the conference on organic variety (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 introduced the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural variety (JP-BiCuD). the 1st assembly for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD used to be held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence statement, which highlights the concept that of biocultural range. the ecu rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional panorama, delivering a vital and powerful area for integration of organic and cultural variety, suggesting the necessity to revise a number of the present innovations for the evaluation and administration of biodiversity.

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The physical expression of land division and 2 The Traditional Mediterranean Polycultural Landscape as Cultural Heritage … 23 property ownership is visually reinforced by the presence of stone walls and other artefacts or features such as terraces, hedgerows, canals, stone heaps, etc. (Grove and Rackham 2002; Brown et al. 2007; Petanidou et al. 2008; Barbera and Cullotta 2012). Today, the entire Mediterranean is characterized by landscape patterns whose compositions result from countless long and complex cultural and historical processes that developed in an equally complex and varied environment.

2008; Barbera and Cullotta 2012). Along with the multifunctional and environmental production, these spaces also have a cultural production shown by indirect literary references (Theocritus, cf. ) (Scazzosi 2004; Moreira et al. 2006; Cullotta and Barbera 2011; Otero et al. 2013) and the appeal that is characteristic of polycultural Mediterranean agricultural systems. 6 Conclusions The long-lasting, complex- and mixed forms of agro-forestry systems and landscapes, such as the polyculture (coltura promiscua), is ascribable and can be associated with different and innumerable agricultural land uses and different kinds of landscape configurations.

References Agnoletti M (ed) (2013) Italian historical rural landscapes. Cultural values for the environment and rural development. Springer, Dordrecht Agnoletti M (2014) Rural landscape, nature conservation and culture: some notes on research trends and management approaches from a (southern) European perspective. Landscape Urban Plann 126:66–73 Agnoletti M, Rotherham ID (2015) Landscape and biocultural diversity: an introduction. Biodivers Conserv. 1007/s10531-015-1003-8 Agnoletti M, Santoro A (2015) Cultural values and sustainable forest management: the case of Europe.

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