By O.A. Jones (Eds.)
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Extra info for Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs. Geology 2
Three horizons have been found, at 91, 335, and 847 m, where aragonite has been replaced by calcite, indicating emerg- 1 1926 GREAT 2 1937 BARRIER 4 1Θ96-Θ FUNAFUTI 3 1960 REEF 5 K-1B 34CK Top Of Reef Iinnestone | "\A,| Dolomitic HHH Carbonaceous | J * * * * | Volcanic m [ 6 1951 - 1 9 5 2 ENIWETOK F-1 7 E-1 Θ 1947 BIKINI 9 1936 KITA-DAITO JIMA 10 S 1965 MIDWAY 11 12 R D-E 13 1964-1965 MURUROA D-W 14 C 39 <| Top of Eocene! ·'·)·;Γί| Reef Tertiary limestone (mainly q u a r t z sands) | with quartz sands Fig.
The reef cap here is too thin to bear on Darwin's theory. In the Bahamas a bore in 1932 went through 117 m of limestone, mostly dolomitized reef limestone (Field and Hess, 1933). A deep well at Andros Island, Bahamas, has subsequently gone through 161 m of surface-type limestone and then into dolomite, ending in the lower Cretaceous at 4,488 m, with apparently shallow-water facies through the whole column and with successive horizons of solutional diagenesis (Spencer, 1967; Goodall and Garman, 1969).
Recent reefs. Bull. Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. 34, No. 2, 203-214. Ladd, H. , Hoffmeister, J. , Ailing, H. , Crickmay, G. , Sanders, J. , Cole, W. , Clark, H. , Pilsbry, H. , and Rathbun, M. J. (1945). Geology of Lau, Fiji. Bull. , Honolulu 181, 1-399. Ladd, H. , Tracey, J. , Wells, J. , and Emery, K. O. (1950). Organic growth and sedimentation on an atoll. /. Geol. 58, 410-425. Ladd, H. , Tracey, J. , and Gross, M. G. (1970). Deep drilling on Midway Atoll. , Geol. , Prof. Pap. 680-A, 1-22. , and Steams, H.