By Hugues Duffau
The aim of this e-book is to make a hyperlink among primary examine within the box of cognitive neurosciences, which now merits from a greater wisdom of the neural foundations of cerebral processing, and its medical software, in particular in neurosurgery – itself in a position to supply new insights into mind association. The anatomical bases are provided, advances and barriers of the various equipment of sensible cerebral mapping are mentioned, up to date versions of sensorimotor, visuospatial, language, reminiscence, emotional, and govt services are defined intimately. within the gentle of those facts, new recommendations of surgical administration of cerebral lesions are proposed, with an optimization of the benefit–risk ratio of surgical procedure. eventually, views approximately mind connectivity and plasticity are mentioned at the foundation of translational stories regarding serial sensible neuroimaging, intraoperative cortico-subcortical electric mapping, and biomathematical modeling of interactions among parallel disbursed neural networks.
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Additional resources for Brain Mapping: From Neural Basis of Cognition to Surgical Applications
6 in online version): (i) fronto-parietal or horizontal segment, (ii) temporo-parietal or vertical segment, and (iii) temporo-frontal segment or arcuate fasciculus. The fronto-parietal or horizontal segment of the SLF originates in the inferior parietal lobe, at the level of the angular and supramarginal gyrus. Then it runs within the white matter of the frontal and parietal operculum lateral to the AF. Finally, it terminates at the posterior and inferior frontal lobe, at the level of the precentral gyrus and the posterior portion of the inferior frontal gyrus (Broca’ s territory) [8, 16, 21].
Contemp Neurosurg 24: 1–8  Yaşargil MG, Teddy PJ, Roth P (1985) Selective amygdalo-hippocampectomy. Operative anatomy and surgical technique. Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg 12: 93–123 Anatomy of the white-matter pathways Juan Martino and Christian Brogna Introduction The white matter of the brain consists of myelinated bundles of nerve fibers, known as fascicles or fiber tracts. 1). Neurosurgical approaches to different compartments of the brain cannot be performed without an in-depth understanding of the systems of the white fibers.
6. (on-line version). Dissection of temporo-frontal segment of superior longitudinal fasciculus or arcuate fasciculus (black arrows) 36 sule, claustrum, external capsule, putamen, and globus pallidus should be all removed in a lateromedial fashion to reveal the internal capsule. During dissection, by its being more fibrous the globus pallidus can be distinguished from the putamen. Nevertheless, the globus pallidus should be removed carefully to avoid damaging the anterior commissure just below it.