By Carmen Jany
Read or Download Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective (University of California Publications in Linguistics) PDF
Best native american books
The AmericanIndian tradition consisted of particular customs and traditions that regulated every thing from who could lead the tribes to who may marry in the tribes. They stored special, exact bills in their tribal histories simply because they foresaw the significance of passing down their histories.
He's the one unique global battle II Navajo code talker nonetheless alive—and this is often his tale . . . His identify wasn’t Chestesr Nez. That used to be the English identify he was once assigned in kindergarten. And in boarding institution at castle Defiance, he was once punished for talking his local language, because the lecturers sought to rid him of his tradition and traditions.
New global Babel is an leading edge cultural and highbrow historical past of the languages spoken through the local peoples of North the US from the earliest period of eu conquest in the course of the starting of the 19th century. by means of concentrating on diverse points of the Euro-American reaction to indigenous speech, Edward grey illuminates the ways that Europeans' altering realizing of "language" formed their family with local americans.
The Land Is Our heritage tells the tale of indigenous criminal activism at a serious political and cultural juncture in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. within the past due Nineteen Sixties, indigenous activists protested assimilation guidelines and the usurpation in their lands as a brand new mining growth took off, extensively threatening their collective identities.
Additional info for Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective (University of California Publications in Linguistics)
Obstruent voicing is often absent in native languages of North America and occurs only as a recent development (Mithun 2004c). Labialized consonants are very common in Western North America (Mithun 2004c). Table 5: Phonemic characteristics of Chimariko and its immediate neighbors Language Chimariko Wintu¹ Hupa² Shasta³ Language Family isolate Penutian: Na-Dene: Hokan: KarukWintuan Athabaskan Shasta: Shastan Consonants 33 30 (3 marginal) 34 (6 marginal) 19 Stop series pl, asp, glott pl, asp, glott pl, asp, glott pl, glott Obstruent voicing no yes (only front) no no Back velar q yes yes yes no Voiceless lateral no yes yes no Retroflex ṭ yes no no no Gemination no no no yes Labialized no no yes (restricted no consonants to čʷ, čʷ’, xʷ) Vowels 5 6 (marginal æ) 3 4 Phonemic vowel no yes yes yes length pl = plain; asp = aspirated; glott = glottal ¹ see Pitkin 1984:24-39 ² see Golla 1960:24-38 ³ see Silver 1966:22-49 Except for Shasta, Chimariko and its immediate neighbors have large consonant inventories with three series of stops.
4) The initial stem vowel always surfaces in the third person pronouns. 5) In general, no front vowels /e, i/ occur after /qʰ/ and /čʰ/. 4. In the first person singular patient forms and the second person plural agent forms the stem-initial front vowels are backed, hence e -> o and i -> u. This is illustrated in the following phonological rule: [-back] -> [+back] / qʰ, čʰ_______ . Some deviations from the forms in Table 4 are found in the data, as the following example shows. 1. Indian-DEF 3-kill-DER-ASP ‘The boy told it, they killed the boy, the people, the Indians killed him’ In example 1, the stem-initial vowel /e/ surfaces with the third person marker hrather than /i/ as expected with i-stem verbs.
4 Diphthongs. The low-high and mid-high rising diphthongs, [ai, ei, oi, ui], are found in roots and as a result of affixing. There is also a fronting diphthong [ui]. In the data, the diphthongs appear either as a sequence of two vowels or as a vowel followed by a glide. While the front high vowel [i] occurs as either a vowel or a glide in these sequences, the back high vowel [u] always appears as a glide. Given that the two variants, vowel-vowel and vowel-glide, can be found in different instances of the same word, as in ‘sister’ in the example below, they are assumed to have the same phonetic and phonological basis.