By Barbara Goff

What actions did the ladies of historical Greece practice within the sphere of formality, and what have been the meanings of such actions for them and their tradition? by means of delivering solutions to those questions, this research goals to get better and reconstruct a massive measurement of the lived event of old Greek girls. A entire and complex research of the ritual roles of ladies in old Greece, it attracts on quite a lot of facts from around the Greek international, together with literary and historic texts, inscriptions, and vase-paintings, to gather a portrait of girls as non secular and cultural brokers, regardless of the beliefs of seclusion in the domestic and exclusion from public arenas that we all know limited their lives.As she builds an image of the level and variety of women's ritual job, Barbara Goff indicates that they have been entrusted with the most very important methods in which the group assured its welfare. She examines the ways that women's ritual job addressed problems with sexuality and civic participation, displaying that ritual may supply ladies surely substitute roles and identities even whereas it labored to supply other halves and moms who functioned good during this male-dominated society. relocating to extra speculative research, she discusses the opportunity of a women's tradition fascinated about ritual and investigates the importance of formality in women's poetry and vase-paintings that depict girls. She additionally features a monstrous exploration of the illustration of girls as ritual brokers in fifth-century Athenian drama.

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Additional info for Citizen Bacchae: Women's Ritual Practice in Ancient Greece

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36 The collection edited by Clarissa Atkinson and others formulates the whole issue more clearly as a dialectic. ” Religion thus offers to us a critical lens through which to see simultaneously “oppression” and “creativity” in women’s lives,37 and this model of a dialectic, of a practice that can simultaneously accomplish diverse and even opposing tasks, is helpfully compatible with the larger model of ideological production that I have outlined above. It suggests again that a polarized either/or understanding of ritual, as an ideologically charged practice, is insufWcient.

The crises of the oikos, then, in their characteristic demands on time and labor, afford women a considerable presence in the community beyond the domestic context. Women enter public spaces, crossing the city in order to reach the temple or the cemetery. But the ritual practices connected with these crises do not necessarily launch the women participants into a fully public environment. While women enter public spaces, they do not operate in the fully public sphere, which is dominated by the masculine practices of 32.

25. Parker 1983: 70. 26. See Alexiou 1974: 18 – 21. 27. See, for example, Alexiou 1974: 21 – 23 and Bourke 1993: 160 – 61. 28. Bourke 1993: 160. qxd 2/19/2004 12:52 PM Page 33 Working Toward a Material Presence 33 Recent feminist work has also stressed a wider political implication of the restrictions on women’s lament. ”29 As the polis, or city-state, developed it found itself in potential conflict with the oikos on a number of fronts, and it needed to evolve new forms in order to inculcate new loyalties.

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