By Ann Dale, John T. Pierce
During this paintings, representatives from 3 teams supply particular discussions of key recommendations and concepts in sustainable group improvement in Canada. The participants contain Chris Bryant, Jill Dickinson, Thom Meredith, Maureen Reed, Mark Roseland and Robert Woollard.
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Extra resources for Communities, Development, and Sustainability across Canada
Increasing the initial tax on the most damaging input factors such as fossil fuels by 5 percent per year would double the tax cost in fourteen years. With indirect labour cost falling simultaneously, "It should gradually become more profitable to lay off kilowatt hours and barrels of oil than to lay off people" (von Weizsacker 1994, 134). The factor-10 approach, then, may make a significant contribution to job creation and therefore to family and community sustainability. 37 38 Robert Woollard and William Rees The Social Factor in Sustainability Despite the potential for job creation, achieving a factor-10 economy implies a mainly technical approach to sustainability.
City of Vancouver Task Force on Atmospheric Change. 1990. Final Report. Vol. 1 of Clouds of Change. Crombie, David. 1990. Watershed. Royal Commission on the Future of the Toronto Waterfront. Jacobs, Jane. 1984. Cities and the Wealth of Nations: Principles of Economic Life. New York: Random House. Lovins, Amory. 1991. " City Magazine 12,2: 34-5. Morris, David. 1982. Self-Reliant Cities: Energy and the Transformation of Urban America. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. Nawaz, Rasheda. 1993. " City Magazine 14,1:41-3.
As a member of a housing co-op, I am not only a tenant but also a co-owner protected against rent increases by landlords wanting to make a profit. The features of worker control, user participation, and equalized distribution of surplus wealth among members make the co-op especially attractive for community development. Some communities have built up a complex network of linked co-ops that mutually support each other through their purchases of goods and services (collective self-reliance). In all of the above organizational models - be it the cooperative, community land trust, community development corporation, neighbourhood association, or community loan fund - the community acts in its own selfinterest.