By Pierre Rabischong
The finished method of anatomy is a brand new try to comprehend the association of anatomical buildings rather than purely memorizing information, that's either time-consuming and liable to mistakes. the fundamental precept is that guy didn't layout guy, a fact which offers the answer and never the matter. this sort of procedure calls for first watching a functionality and picking, in engineering phrases, the technical difficulties that have to be solved as a way to in achieving that functionality. In a moment step the anatomical answer is tested by way of validation and may consistently be an clever resolution that places the features of particular residing tissues to optimum use.
Anatomy is clearly the necessary foundation of all kinds of scientific perform. for hundreds of years, its rigorous technique has trusted dissection, that is the one potential to exactly establish the morphology of organs and for surgeons to profit tips on how to without delay and properly achieve the buildings they should function on. therefore, this booklet contains illustrations of many dissections and anatomical sections so as to offer a pragmatic view of the advanced association of the human body.
This e-book addresses the wishes of a extensive diversity of clinical and paramedical practitioners attracted to events and their problems: MDs and surgeons of all specialties, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, X-ray manipulators, osteopathic experts, and so forth. Its objective is to illustrate the superb intelligence and complexity of human motor services and to raised clutch the how and why in their construction.
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Iliocostal muscle. (c) Axial section of the abdomen: 1. Spinal muscles; 2. Psoas muscle; 3. Abdominal wall large muscles. (d) Spinal muscles: 1. Long dorsal muscle; 2. Lumbosacral tendon c d 5 1 4 3 2 2 1 6 1 1 e 5 4 2 4 3 4 1 2 3 5 2 3 Fig. 4 Dissection of spine muscles. (a) Posterior view: 1. Latissimus dorsi; 2. Posterior and inferior serratus minor; 3. Transmuscular cutaneous nerves; 4. Lumbosacral tendon; 5. Ilio costal muscle; 6. Long dorsal muscle. (b) Sagittal section of lumbar spine: 1.
It must be put in place after the muscles with a special place: the yellow ligament (Fig. 5). It is responsible for a resilient damping of the spine movement of flexion. So called because of its yellow colour due to a great number of dense elastin fibres it contains. It is the only true elastic ligament of the body. It is attached to the superior and inferior border of the laminae and gives a viscoelastic amortising return in the spine bending movement. It is present at all spinal levels and its morphology on the images of the spine is clearly related to the state of the disc [13, 14].
1. Terminal cisterns of the cytoplasmic network (Ca ions storage); 2. Cytoplasmic reticulum; 3. Tubule full of interstitial liquid and surrounded by the cisterns creating a triad; 4. Mitochondrion (production of TPA); 5. Myofibril; 6. Sarcolemma around the sarcoplasma containing glycogen and myoglobin; 7. Myocyte nucleus; 8. Z line of the sarcomere; 9. Overlapping of thick and thin myofilaments a M 1 2 Z Z c b 2 3 1 2 Fig. 11 Ultrastructure of sarcomere (after Tortora). (a) View of a sarcomere between two Z lines: 1.