By Wei Cai

A different and entire graduate textual content and reference on numerical equipment for electromagnetic phenomena, from atomistic to continuum scales, in biology, optical-to-micro waves, photonics, nanoelectronics and plasmas. The cutting-edge numerical equipment defined contain:

• Statistical fluctuation formulae for the dielectric constant

• Particle-Mesh-Ewald, Fast-Multipole-Method and image-based response box strategy for long-range interactions

• High-order singular/hypersingular (Nyström collocation/Galerkin) boundary and quantity fundamental tools in layered media for Poisson-Boltzmann electrostatics, electromagnetic wave scattering and electron density waves in quantum dots

• soaking up and UPML boundary stipulations

• High-order hierarchical Nédélec side parts

• High-order discontinuous Galerkin (DG) and Yee finite distinction time-domain tools

• Finite point and aircraft wave frequency-domain equipment for periodic buildings

• Generalized DG beam propagation process for optical waveguides

• NEGF(Non-equilibrium Green's functionality) and Wigner kinetic equipment for quantum transport

• High-order WENO and Godunov and significant schemes for hydrodynamic delivery

• Vlasov-Fokker-Planck and PIC and limited MHD delivery in plasmas

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Extra resources for Computational Methods for Electromagnetic Phenomena: Electrostatics in Solvation, Scattering, and Electron Transport

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There are different ways to solve this integral equation depending on how system V is arranged (whether confinement by a vacuum (Fr¨ ohlich, 1958) and the surrounding dielectrics (Neumann, 1983), or the geometry of the system, for example layered or spherical (Stern & Feller, 2003; Ballenegger & Hansen, 2005)). Let us assume a periodic system with a truncated dipole interaction. 116) (Neumann, 1983) when the Fourier series of P(r) is defined as 1 ˆ P(k) = |V | P(r)e−ik·r dr. 117) in the Fourier space becomes ˆ δ (k)P(k) ˆ ˆ ˆ ext (k) + T .

VMD is developed with NIH support by the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics group at the Beckman Institute, UIUC. inside the solute. The solute boundary Γ is defined by the molecular surface (see Fig. 1, which was produced using visual molecular dynamics (VMD) software (Humphrey, Dalke, & Schulten, 1996)), employing either the van der Waals (vdW) surface (composed of the sum of overlapping vdW spheres), or the solvent accessible surface (SAS) (generated by rolling a small sphere on the vdW surface) (Lindskog, 1997).

Therefore, the total work required to effect the complete coupling of the ion to the solvent can be additively computed as 1 λqΦrf (0, 1)dλ. 44), we obtain the well-known Born formula for the electrostatic solvation energy: ΔGBorn pol = 1 1 q2 4π 2 a 1 o − 1 . 44), the effect of the coupling parameter λ can be viewed equivalently as a scaling factor of the ion charge. Therefore, this coupling process can also be considered as a charging process, first proposed by Onsager (1933) and Kirkwood (1935), where λ = 0 is the uncharged state and λ = 1 is the fully charged state.

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