By Erik Carlson (auth.)

In Consequentialism Reconsidered, Carlson strives to discover a believable formula of the structural a part of consequentialism. Key notions are analyzed, reminiscent of results, choices and performability. Carlson argues that consequentialism may be understood as a maximizing instead of a satisficing conception, and as temporally impartial instead of destiny orientated. He additionally exhibits that sure ethical theories can't be reformulated as consequentialist theories.
The correct possible choices for an agent in a scenario are taken to contain all activities that they could practice within the scenario. The safeguard of this concept necessitates yes differences to the traditional consequentialist standards of obligatoriness, rightness and wrongness. the matter of even if brokers should still adapt their activities to their very own destiny activities can also be addressed. additional, a conditional research of performability is advised, and it truly is argued that exact activities should still during this connection be considered as `abstract' instead of `concrete'. the ultimate bankruptcy sketches a consequentialist conception for collective brokers.

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Then P' can at t make P unable to do a at t, since P' can make the objective probability of a zero. 14 Premiss (1) does not seem very plausible. From the facts that Brown did a and that P(b/a)=O it does not seem to follow, contrary to Premiss (1), that Brown made, or was able to make, Black unable to do b. These facts are clearly compatible, for example, with the assumption that Black would have reached the button before Brown, if he had tried to. 15 To make this claim is, given Oddie's and Milne's view of objective probabilities, equivalent to maintaining the incompatibil140DD1E& MILNE, pp.

According to some definitions of agent relativity, 'deontological' moralities which forbid certain generic actions, even when performing an action of such a type would maximize the total good, are also agent-relative. 57 Again, TMA-moralities exclude such prohibitions by definition. ) Since C entails agent neutrality, according to most definitions of this concept, I shall not explicitly add it to the characterization of consequentialism. In the next chapter, however, I will make some use of a particular interpretation, borrowed from Jan Osterberg, of the concept of agent relativity.

47, 68. 150DD1E& MILNE, p. 47. 36 Chapter 3 ity of causal determinism and freedom of action. Concerning objective probabilities, Oddie and Milne have the following to say: We assume that the causal structure of the world (both probabilistic and deterministic) is reflected in an objective probability distribution, which is both time- and world-dependent. Where P is objective probability, and E is some class of world-times. Pw,(E) is the objective probability, or tendency, of E to occur (as of w,t) given all the causal laws (both probabilistic and deterministic) and the past in W up to, but not including, t.

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