By Timo Pukkala, Klaus von Gadow

Even if the vast majority of the world’s woodland ecosystems are ruled by way of uneven-sized multi-species stands, woodland administration perform and conception has involved in the advance of plantation monocultures to maximise the provision of bushes at low-priced. Societal expectancies are altering, besides the fact that, and uneven-aged multi-species ecosystems, selectively controlled as non-stop disguise Forestry (CCF), are frequently believed to be improved to monocultures in addressing a variety of expectancies. This e-book provides methods  that are appropriate to CCF administration and making plans: analysing woodland constructions, silvicultural and making plans, financial assessment, in line with examples in Europe, Asia, Africa and North and South the US.

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Extra info for Continuous Cover Forestry (Managing Forest Ecosystems)

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Ann Forest Sci 63(1):93–100 ¨ Sch¨utz JE von (1757) Okonomisches Bedenken von dem Nachteil deren Gehaue in den sogen¨ nanten Schwartzen H¨olzer. In: Okonomisches Bedenken u¨ ber allerhand in die Hauswirtschaft einschlagende Sachen, vol 1, Chemnitz: St¨ossel, pp 1–18 Susmel L (1980) Normalizzazione delle foreste alpine – basi ecosistemiche – equilibrio – modelli colturali -produttivita. Liviana editrice, Padova, 437 p Tabaku V (1999) Struktur von Buchen-Urw¨aldern in Albanien im Vergleich mit deutschen BuchenNaturwaldreservaten und -Wirtschaftsw¨aldern.

They assumed site conditions and risks typical of southern Germany and found superior financial returns of mixed stand variants, mainly due to significantly reduced risks. The management of uneven-aged forests requires not only a basic understanding of the species-specific responses to shading and competition on different growing sites, but also more sophisticated methods of sustainable harvest planning. A selective harvest event in an uneven-aged forest, involving removal of a variety of tree sizes within each of several species, is much more difficult to quantify and prescribe than standard descriptors of harvest events used in rotation management systems, such as moderate high thinning or clearfelling.

J Forestier Suisse 52:97–104 & 11–132 Breitenbach F (1974) Southern Cape Forests and trees. The Government Printer, Pretoria, 328 p Cancino J, v Gadow K (2001) Stem number guide curves for uneven-aged forests – development and limitations. In: v Gadow K, Nagel J, Saborowski J (eds): Continuous cover forestry – Assessment, Analysis, Scenarios. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 163–175 1 Historical Emergence and Current Application of CCF 27 CONAF-CONAMA (1999) Catastro y Evaluaci´on Recursos Vegetacionales Nativos de Chile.

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