By Pierre R. Dasen, Ramesh C. Mishra

Selfish spatial language makes use of coordinates when it comes to our physique to speak about small-scale area ('put the knife at the correct of the plate and the fork at the left'), whereas geocentric spatial language makes use of geographic coordinates ('put the knife to the east, and the fork to the west'). How do kids learn how to use geocentric language? And why do geocentric spatial references sound unusual in English after they are usual perform in different languages? This ebook experiences baby improvement in Bali, India, Nepal, and Switzerland and explores how childrens discover ways to use a geocentric body either while conversing and appearing non-verbal cognitive projects (such as remembering destinations and directions). The authors study how those abilities boost with age, examine the socio-cultural contexts within which the educational occurs, and discover the ecological, cultural, social, and linguistic stipulations that favour using a geocentric body of reference.

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8 Dasen, following Berry (1966, 1976), argues that spatial skills and concepts are highly valued in nomadic populations, while they are less valued than quantitative concepts in sedentary, agricultural populations. 6 20 Development of Geocentric Spatial Language and Cognition Some doubts about the primacy of topological space (and about the accuracy of Piaget’s use of that mathematical term) have also been raised. For example, Mandler (1988) considers that “there is sensitivity to both types of information [topological and Euclidean] from birth, with primary reliance on topological information at all ages.

This shows that research is needed in locations where an egocentric system exists in the language, but is not the predominant one. Note that these studies deal only with the development of language, from which it cannot be directly concluded, unless one advocates a strong form of linguistic relativity, that cognitive development has to follow the same sequence. Brown and Levinson (2000) report a study of language development in children in Tzeltal (Mexico); five children were followed longitudinally from 1:6 to 4:6 years, and space-game13 data were obtained with older children, providing a database of more than 600 hours of recordings of language production.

Spatial frames of reference in developmental psychology and in linguistics Piaget & Inhelder (1956) Taylor & Tversky (1996) Levinson (1996, 2003) Dasen & Mishra Topological Projective Euclidean Intrinsic:€objectcentered Deictic:€viewercentered Intrinsic, allocentric Relative, egocentric Intrinsic Egocentric Extrinsic:€ environmentcentered Absolute, allocentric Geocentric linguistics. Within an intrinsic frame, locations of target objects are described in relation to a ground object’s front, back, sides, or other body parts.

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