By Charlie M. Shackleton, Ashok K. Pandey, Tamara Ticktin
There is turning out to be wisdom approximately and appreciation of the significance of Non-timber woodland items (NTFPs) to rural livelihoods in constructing nations, and to a lesser volume, constructed nations. although, there's additionally an assumption at the a part of policy-makers that any harvesting of untamed animal or plant items from the forests and different normal and converted ecosystems needs to be dangerous to the long term viability of aim populations and species. This publication demanding situations this concept and indicates that whereas examples of such detrimental affects definitely exist, there also are many examples of sustainable harvesting platforms for NTFPs.
The chapters evaluate and current coherent and scientifically sound info and case reviews at the ecologically sustainable use of NTFPs. in addition they define a common interdisciplinary strategy for assessing the sustainability of NTFP harvesting structures at varied scales. quite a lot of case experiences is incorporated from Africa, Asia and South the US, utilizing plant and animal items for nutrients, crafts, textiles, medications and cosmetics.
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Additional info for Ecological Sustainability for Non-timber Forest Products: Dynamics and Case Studies of Harvesting
2014). This is to be expected at least in part, because the sustainability of NTFP harvesting is not a ‘yes or no’ issue. It depends on context: the ecological, social, economic and historical context (Dahlberg, Chapter 4; McLain and Lawry, Chapter 15). But the large variation in assumptions about the sustainability of NTFP harvesting is also partly a result of the fact that management plans and policies related to NTFPs 32 Tamara Ticktin are often designed without ecological studies, and that many ecological studies that attempt to evaluate NTFP harvesting have not been designed appropriately (Schmidt et al.
Unfortunately there are hardly any statistics reporting on the proportion of households that do trade in one or more NTFPs. 3% across six countries in east and southern Africa and 10% in southern Ghana; however, the range of NTFPs included was not equivalent between the two surveys. Brigham (1996) reported similar numbers (3–6%) of people involved in selling wood craft products in northeastern Zimbabwe. From a random household survey Shackleton and Shackleton (2004) showed that the proportion was variable between sites and for different NTFPs, ranging from 0 to 9%.
Alternatively, if the entire plant is removed, resprouters may be at a disadvantage (Raimondo and Donaldson 2003) since long-lived species that invest more in persistence or ability to resprout tend to have fewer seedlings and slower growth than non-sprouting species (Bond and Midgley 2001). They therefore tend to have very slow recovery rates. Species that have developed evolutionary responses to withstand natural disturbance (through for example, resprouting or regrowth) may have greater potential to sustain harvesting, if the harvesting mimics that disturbance.