By Margaret Harris
This ebook, aimed toward complex undergraduates and postgraduate scholars in psychology and comparable components, offers a consultant to the major theories and techniques utilized by researchers. conscientiously selected articles are observed by means of a remark from the writer that is helping scholars to appreciate the explanation for a learn, the alternative of layout and overview measures, use of statistics, and the translation of effects. a variety of fresh study papers is incorporated to hide observational and experimental equipment from infancy to youth.
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Extra resources for Exploring Developmental Psychology: Understanding Theory and Methods
Html) The principle of using the least stressful research procedure in developmental psychology research is an important one but it is not always easy to decide what might prove stressful. Presumably, all researchers would agree that the infamous procedures used by Watson (Watson, 1919; Watson & Rayner, 1920) to demonstrate that young children could be conditioned to show fear of small animals are unethical and should not be used. In one such study, having established that infants did not show any natural fear of a wide range of animals, a small dog was tossed into the pram of a 6-month-old baby in order to see how she would react.
Children who are merely able to predict how particular combinations of weight and distance will affect the balance of the scale will not be able to solve other problems of similar complexity. Another striking example of task simplification centres round Piaget’s tests of infants’ ability to reason about hidden objects. 1). 1 Errors in the object search task. This 9-month-old infant looks for an object at its previous location even though the bulge under the cloth gives a strong clue to its real location; from Harris & Butterworth, 2002: 101 perceptual habituation tasks in which infants inspect occluded arrays (Baillargeon, 1999).
Children were given a balance and a set of weights and were asked to position the weights so that the scale balanced. They were also asked a series of questions designed to uncover what they understood about the way that the balance scale worked. Selection of the correct position for the weights and explaining the rationale for these choices each requires a certain level of understanding of how balance is achieved. It is therefore important to ask whether the same levels of understanding are required when the format of the balance scale task is changed.