By World Bank

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This is especially important in small-scale fisheries, where national administrations alone cannot effectively control access. Fishers could participate directly in collecting and analyzing data for monitoring stocks, and in developing methods for adjusting the rate of fishing and investment to desired levels. They could participate also in establishing forms of cooperation and the distribution of responsibility between fisherfolk organizations and the fishery administration with regard to access controls, and in adopting and enforcing regulatory measures.

By 2000 it is estimated that increased population and increased incomes will have boosted the world's yearly demand for fish by nearly 30 million tons. Meeting this demand will require significant improvements in sustainable ecosystem management, better utilization of harvests, and increased production from aquaculture. Recognizing that fishery development projects, particularly those focusing on infrastructure, have had a low rate of success, donors organized a consultation in 1986 to share experience with fishery projects and find ways to improve them.

Even more than national research programs, regional and international programs are restricted almost entirely to adaptive research. Development and management issues are national and local, but the strategic problems of economic development and scientific research are regional, interregional, and global. Cooperative programs can thus bring significant improvements in the use of existing means for research. Regional cooperation accelerates the exchange of information, experience, and methods. It offsets the dispersion of effort, combats scientific isolation, and stimulates thinking.

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