By Steven W. Purcell

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2005). Reference points could relate to stock condition, yield, revenue and fishing pressure (FAO, 1999). Management performance is measured as the vertical distance between the indicator and the target reference point (FAO, 1999, 2003; King, 2007). , 2005). These fisheries are radically different in nature from the industrial fisheries targeting highly mobile finfish, from which the classical theory of fishery management was developed. , 2005).  sea cucumbers on separate reefs within a fishery) are interconnected through the Fisheries management principles and approaches 25 dispersal of larvae from spawning events.

Management objectives should, therefore, state the need to safeguard the cultural and economic interests of fishers and subsistence users (FAO, 1995). A sensible objective is, therefore, to manage fishing impacts so that stocks are relatively stable over time and can deliver sustained incomes to fishers (Purcell, Gossuin and Agudo, 2009a). In the long term, this objective aligns with a key purpose of the ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF); to ensure that future generations have access to the full benefit of today’s fisheries (FAO, 2003).

W. Purcell. Regulatory measures 37 Yap, Federal States of Micronesia Yap has recently developed a fisheries management plan based on regulating weight rather than size. Commercial species groups included in the management plan are described as either “premium” or “standard”. The plan establishes that a quota should be set for “standard” species groups individually, while more comprehensive quality control should be implemented for “premium” species groups. For export controls of “premium” species groups, shipments will be made and checked in 10 kilogram packages of beche-de-mer.

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