By Henri M. Duvernoy

This publication bargains an exact description of the anatomy of human hippocampus in view of neurosurgical growth and the wealth of scientific imaging equipment on hand. A survey of the present thoughts explains the services of the hippocampus and describes its exterior and inner vascularisation. Head sections and magnetic resonance photos whole this finished view of human hippocampal anatomy. it is going to be of curiosity to neuroscientists and, specifically, to neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists and neurologists.

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4 Hippocampal Tail The tail is the posterior part of hippocampal arc (Fig. 3). As with the body and the head, the tail can be divided into intraventricular and extraventricular parts. 1 Intraventricular Part The intraventricular part is a transverse bulge, oriented like the intraventricular part of the head, but smaller. Although digitations do not appear on the surface of the tail, its internal structure is similar to that of the head and is composed of a vast layer of the cornu Ammonis centered by digital extensions of the gyrus dentatus (Figs.

The origin of the direct pathway is found in layer III of the entorhinal cortex (Fig. 17). From this layer, fibers directly reach the pyramidal neurons of CA1 by a different pathway from that of the perforant path (Du et al. 1993). The CA1 neurons project onto the subiculum, the axons of which return to the deep layers of the entorinal area (Maclean 1992). Hippocampal Output to the Cortex. The output of the direct pathway to the cortex is believed to reach the inferior temporal association cortex, the temporal pole, and the prefrontal cortex (Fig.

27). The junction of the fimbria to the apex of the uncus is clearly distinguishable. The uncinate gyrus, anterior to the band of Giacomini, joins up with the ambient gyrus. Its structure is uncertain, but it seems to be composed of a strip of the CA1 field, overflowing from the hippocampal sulcus, and of the subiculum as far as the ambient gyrus (Figs. 27, 122, 123; Vogt and Vogt 1937; Braak 1980). 3 Relations of the Uncus with Adjacent Structures The anterior and posterior uncal segments have different relations.

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